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Water/climate nexus environmental rural-urban migration and coping strategies

Ameneh Mianabadi, Kamran Davary, Mahdi Kolahi and Judith Fisher

Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 2022, vol. 65, issue 5, 852-876

Abstract: Rural-urban migration is a challenging issue for communities, and is influenced by interactions between numerous push and pull factors. To better understand the interacting drivers of rural-urban migration, the study investigates the factors which influence migration from rural areas in Sistan to Mashhad city in Iran. The investigation was conducted using questionnaires and deep interviews. The results show that the main reason for migration from Sistan to Mashhad is environmental degradation including drought and water scarcity, followed by economic and government operational plans for supporting rural people. However, some people stay in Sistan in spite of the current unpleasant environmental and economic conditions. The results demonstrated cultural and social factors as the main motivations for people remaining in villages. Since the factors could be more challenging under future global warming, adaptive participatory governance is needed to link civil society, authorities, scientists, and the land to develop nature-based and rural-urban migration solutions.

Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1080/09640568.2021.1915259

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