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Macroeconomic factors and yield curve for the emerging Indian economy

Kakali Kanjilal

Macroeconomics and Finance in Emerging Market Economies, 2011, vol. 4, issue 1, 57-83

Abstract: This article investigates the dynamic linkages between the estimated parameters of a zero coupon yield curve and macroeconomic variables like inflation, gross domestic product growth in the presence of a monetary policy indicator in India for the period July 1997 to February 2004. The study finds that there exists strong causality from financial factors, defined by three parameters of the yield curves ('Level', 'Slope', 'Curvature') to macroeconomic factors; growth, inflation and monetary policy indicators (changes in the call money rate). However, the causality in the opposite direction is found to be weaker. It is found that theyield and macro factors do not cause each other before the launch of a liquidity adjustment facility, so the evidence of causality from financial to macroeconomic factors can be attributed to the introduction of a liquidity adjustment facility in June 2000. The causality from yield factors to macro factors is primarily driven by the fact that the 'changes in level' of yield curve brings an impact on inflation through the changes in monetary policy. This finding suggests that monetary policy plays a key role in driving the causality. This also implies that the indirect instrument of monetary policy mechanism is becoming increasingly important to influence the aggregate demand in the economy.

Keywords: term structure of interest rates; inflation; growth; monetary policy; financial reforms; LAF; VAR modelling; Granger causality; Impulse response (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2011
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DOI: 10.1080/17520843.2011.548612

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