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Small business in Russia: institutions, market potential, taxes and digitalization

Stepan Zemtsov (), Yulia Tsareva, Vera Barinova, Maksim Belitski and Alexander N. Krasnoselskikh

Post-Communist Economies, 2022, vol. 34, issue 8, 1029-1053

Abstract: In this paper we use an institutional approach and apply a regional perspective to explore how market potential, formal institutions, taxes, access to finance, regional policy instruments, and digitalization have affected small business activity in 83 Russian regions during 2008–2018. We use various regional data sources and official statistics to study the effects of regional business environments on entrepreneurship. Our results suggest that Russia’s business environment, including policy measures in taxation, is important in explaining small business activity, however digital transformation and the role of market potential can be better controlled by entrepreneurs in terms of what skills to learn and where to locate their businesses. In addition, we discuss the effect of exogenous shocks and changes in the business environment, along with dynamics, challenges, and perspectives of entrepreneurship in Russia.

Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1080/14631377.2022.2108244

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