# The optimal payoff for a Yaari investor

*Kris Boudt*,
*K. Dragun* and
*Steven Vanduffel* ()

*Quantitative Finance*, 2022, vol. 22, issue 10, 1839-1852

**Abstract:**
Yaari's dual theory of choice under risk is the natural counterpart of expected utility theory. While optimal payoff choice for an expected utility maximizer is well studied in the literature, less is known about the optimal payoff for a Yaari investor. We perform a fairly general analysis and derive optimal payoffs in a variety of relevant cases. As a main contribution, we provide the optimal payoff for a Yaari investor under a variance constraint; thus, extending mean–variance optimization to distorted expectation–variance optimization. We also derive the optimal payoff for an investor who aims to outperform an external benchmark under the requirement that the payoff stays in the neighbourhood of this benchmark.

**Date:** 2022

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**Persistent link:** https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:taf:quantf:v:22:y:2022:i:10:p:1839-1852

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**DOI:** 10.1080/14697688.2022.2095924

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