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Environmental sustainability and poverty alleviation in India: a study of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

B. S. Ghuman and Ranjeet Singh

Asia Pacific Journal of Public Administration, 2018, vol. 40, issue 2, 98-114

Abstract: The twining of development and environmental sustainability emerged as an essential area of policy and action in India during the Ninth Five Year Plan 1997–2002. Development programmes were designed or redesigned to foster synergies between the two. The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme is one such centrally-sponsored programme aimed at pro-poor development through employment generation and the restoration of rural environmental resources. In response, this article examines state-by-state percentages of work completed and expenditure under the scheme concerning environmental services, along with a consideration of local experience in areas within a state. Important trends, initiatives and challenges are identified and assessed of present and future significance to the interrelationship between environmental sustainability and poverty alleviation.

Date: 2018
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