Job and Life Satisfaction Among Part-time and Full-time Workers: The “Identity” Approach
Review of Social Economy, 2012, vol. 70, issue 3, 315-343
This paper maintains that part-time workers are a heterogeneous group: some choose their number of hours so as to comply with the prescription of the identity to which they adhere; others choose to work part-time because they are unable to integrate the competing and incoherent claims made by the different identities (or roles) to which they adhere. By using information on people's life goals and on the importance of having a job to achieve those goals, I derive measures of the importance of labor-market activities for the identity to which individuals adhere. Self-reported measure of the perceived time crunch generated by competing work and non-work activities is used to gauge the lack of smooth integration between the different identities (or roles) to which an individual adheres. The empirical analysis based on this data set supports the initial claim.
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