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Droughts in Pakistan: a spatiotemporal variability analysis using the Standardized Precipitation Index

Hua Xie, Claudia Ringler (), Tingju Zhu () and Ahmad Waqas

Water International, 2013, vol. 38, issue 5, 620-631

Abstract: We investigated the spatiotemporal variability of drought incidence in Pakistan during 1960-2007 by calculating Standardized Precipitation Index fields for 3-, 6- and 12-month scales using gridded precipitation data. Principal component analysis revealed that droughts are wide-spread and often occur simultaneously over large areas. Furthermore, spectral analysis identified a 16-year drought recurrence period. Three such drought-intensive periods were identified: the late 1960s to early 1970s; the middle 1980s; and the late 1990s to early 2000s. Hence, drought patterns need to be integrated into long-term water planning as well as emergency preparedness.

Date: 2013
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DOI: 10.1080/02508060.2013.827889

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Water International is currently edited by James Nickum, Philippus Wester, Remy Kinna, Xueliang Cai, Yoram Eckstein, Naho Mirumachi and Cecilia Tortajada

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