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Growth in a Cross-section of Cities: Location, Increasing Returns or Random Growth?

Rafael González-Val () and Jose Olmo ()

Spatial Economic Analysis, 2015, vol. 10, issue 2, 230-261

Abstract: This article analyses empirically the main existing theories on income and population city growth: increasing returns to scale, locational fundamentals and random growth. To do this we consider a large database of urban, climatological and macroeconomic data from 1,173 US cities observed in 1990 and 2000. The econometric model is robust to the presence of spatial effects. Our analysis shows the existence of increasing returns and two distinct equilibria in per-capita income and population growth. We also find important differences in the structure of productive activity, unemployment rates and geographical location between cities in low-income and high-income regimes.

Date: 2015
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Related works:
Working Paper: Growth in a cross-section of cities: location, increasing returns or random growth? (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: Growth in a Cross-Section of Cities: Location, Increasing Returns or Random Growth? (2011) Downloads
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