EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Upholding labour productivity under climate change: an assessment of adaptation options

Ed Day, Sam Fankhauser, Nick Kingsmill, Hélia Costa () and Anna Mavrogianni

Climate Policy, 2019, vol. 19, issue 3, 367-385

Abstract: Changes in labour productivity feed through directly to national income. An external shock, like climate change, which may substantially reduce the productivity of workers is therefore a macroeconomic concern. The biophysical impact of higher temperatures on human performance is well documented. Less well understood are the wider effects of higher temperatures on the aggregate productivity of modern, diversified economies, where economic output is produced in contexts ranging from outdoor agriculture to work in air-conditioned buildings. Working conditions are at least to some extent the result of societal choices, which means that the labour productivity effects of heat can be alleviated through careful adaptation. A range of technical, regulatory/infrastructural and behavioural options are available to individuals, businesses and governments. The importance of local contexts prevents a general ranking of the available measures, but many appear cost-effective. Promising options include the optimization of working hours and passive cooling mechanisms. Climate-smart urban planning and adjustments to building design are most suitable to respond to high base temperature, while air conditioning can respond flexibly to short temperature peaks if there is sufficient cheap, reliable and clean electricity.Key policy insights The effect of heat stress on labour productivity is a key economic impact of climate change, which could affect national output and workers’ income.Effective adaptation options exist, such as shifting working hours and cool roofs, but they require policy intervention and forward planning.Strategic interventions, such as climate-smart municipal design, are as important as reactive or project-level adaptations.Adaptation solutions to heat stress are highly context specific and need to be assessed accordingly. For example, shifting working hours could be an effective way of reducing the effect of peak temperatures, but only if there is sufficient flexibility in working patterns.

Date: 2019
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://hdl.handle.net/10.1080/14693062.2018.1517640 (text/html)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:taf:tcpoxx:v:19:y:2019:i:3:p:367-385

Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.tandfonline.com/pricing/journal/tcpo20

Access Statistics for this article

Climate Policy is currently edited by Professor Michael Grubb

More articles in Climate Policy from Taylor & Francis Journals
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Chris Longhurst ().

 
Page updated 2019-05-03
Handle: RePEc:taf:tcpoxx:v:19:y:2019:i:3:p:367-385