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Gender Discrimination in Education Expenditure in Nepal: Evidence from Living Standards Surveys

Shaleen Khanal
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Shaleen Khanal: South Asia Watch on Trade, Economics and Environment, Nepal. Author email:

Asian Development Review, 2018, vol. 35, issue 1, 155-174

Abstract: There is a significant amount of literature on the role of parental gender preferences in determining the level of education expenditure for children. In this study, I examine the effects of such preferences on parents’ education expenditure in Nepal. Using longitudinal data from three Nepal Living Standards Surveys, I apply several decomposition methods to determine the level of bias that parents display in spending on their children's education. I find that parents indeed spend more on boys than girls in both rural and urban areas in Nepal. I also find that this bias is reflected in the higher enrollment levels of boys than girls in private schools.

Keywords: decomposition; education expenditure; gender discrimination; household decisions; Nepal Living Standards Surveys (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H52 I24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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