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Earnings Premium in State Jobs Across Urban China

Yuanyuan Ma (), Patrick Walsh () and Liming Wang ()
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Liming Wang: School of Economics and Management Beijing University of Technology and Irish Institute for Chinese Studies University College Dublin

Asian Economic Papers, 2017, vol. 16, issue 2, 167-184

Abstract: Using the Chinese Household Income Project (CHIP) data, we find a 30 percent raw differential in earnings in favor of state workers in 2002. We examine the degree to which this differential is a pure premium by using a Heckman two-step selection model, where we instrument workers’ preference for state jobs with family political connections, among other factors. We find that 22 percent of the observed earnings differential is a pure premium to a worker in a state job in urban China. In the absence of a political transition in China, state jobs remained the privileged constituency in a dual-track transition that attracted the best politically connected workers in urban China and offered them a pure earnings premium.

JEL-codes: F33 F36 F50 F65 G00 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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