Effects of National Science and Technology Programs on Innovation in Chinese Firms*
Xing Shi (),
Dahai Fu (),
Xiumei Guo () and
Huaqing Wu ()
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Xing Shi: School of Economics Hefei University of Technology 193 Tungxi Road Hefei, China 230009
Dahai Fu: School of International Trade and Economics Central University of Finance and Economics 39 Xueyuan Road South, Haidiang District Beijing, China 100081
Xiumei Guo: Curtin University Sustainability Policy Institute and School of Marketing Curtin University Kent Street, Bentley Perth 6102, Australia
Huaqing Wu: School of Economics Hefei University of Technology 193 Tungxi Road Hefei, China 230009
Asian Economic Papers, 2019, vol. 18, issue 1, 207-236
This paper aims to evaluate whether national science and technology programs in China help boost private investment in research and development and improve firmsâ€™ productive efficiency and innovation performance. The empirical analysis is based on a survey of 443 innovative firms in China during the period of 2008â€“11. A matching estimator together with a difference-in-difference approach is employed to investigate the effect of undertaking national science and technology programs. The results show that the effectiveness of national science and technology programs may be over-estimated. There are also heterogeneous effects across firms of different sizes and ownership and with different programs.
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