Welfare Effects of a Monetary Union: The Role of Trade Openness
Robert Kollmann ()
Journal of the European Economic Association, 2004, vol. 2, issue 2-3, 289-301
This paper evaluates the welfare effects of a monetary union (MU), compared to a floating exchange rate regime, using a quantitative business cycle model of a two-country world with sticky prices. It is assumed that, under a float, there are shocks to the uncovered interest rate parity (UIP) condition. These shocks are shown to have a negative effect on welfare-the detrimental effect is stronger, the higher the degree of trade openness. A MU eliminates UIP shocks, and it may thus raise welfare. The welfare gain from MU is positively linked to openness. (JEL: E4, F3, F4) Copyright (c) 2004 The European Economic Association.
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