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Fortunate Sons: New Estimates of Intergenerational Mobility in the United States Using Social Security Earnings Data

Bhashkar Mazumder ()

The Review of Economics and Statistics, 2005, vol. 87, issue 2, 235-255

Abstract: Previous studies, relying on short-term averages of fathers' earnings, have estimated the intergenerational elasticity (IGE) in earnings to be approximately 0.4. Due to persistent transitory fluctuations, these estimates have been biased down by approximately 30% or more. Using administrative data containing the earnings histories of parents and children, the IGE is estimated to be around 0.6. This suggests that the United States is substantially less mobile than previous research indicated. Estimates of intergenerational mobility are significantly lower for families with little or no wealth, offering empirical support for theoretical models that predict differences due to borrowing constraints. © 2005 President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Date: 2005
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The Review of Economics and Statistics is currently edited by Pierre Azoulay, Olivier Coibion, Will Dobbie, Raymond Fisman, Benjamin R. Handel, Brian A. Jacob, Kareen Rozen, Xiaoxia Shi, Tavneet Suri and Yi Xu

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