The Cost of Grade Retention
Marco Manacorda ()
The Review of Economics and Statistics, 2012, vol. 94, issue 2, 596-606
This paper uses administrative longitudinal microdata on junior high school students in Uruguay to measure the effect of grade failure on students' subsequent school outcomes. Exploiting the discontinuity induced by a rule establishing automatic grade failure for pupils with more than three failed subjects, I show that grade failure leads to substantial dropout and lower educational attainment even four to five years after grade failure occurred. © 2012 The President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Keywords: grade retention; school drop-out; regression discontinuity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I21 I22 J20 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: The Cost of Grade Retention (2010)
Working Paper: The Cost of Grade Retention (2008)
Working Paper: The cost of grade retention (2008)
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