Investments in Pharmaceuticals Before and After TRIPS
Margaret Kyle () and
Anita M. McGahan
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Anita M. McGahan: Rotman School of Management and Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto; Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness, Harvard University
The Review of Economics and Statistics, 2012, vol. 94, issue 4, 1157-1172
The TRIPS Agreement, which specifies minimum levels of intellectual property protection for countries in the WTO, has increased levels of patent protection around the world. Using variation across countries in the timing of patent laws and the severity of disease, we test the hypothesis that increased patent protection results in greater drug development effort. We find that patent protection in wealthy countries is associated with increases in R&D effort. However, the introduction of patents in developing countries has not been followed by greater R&D investment in the diseases that are most prevalent there. © 2012 The President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Keywords: pharmaceuticals; TRIPS Agreement; patent protection (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O34 O32 F13 I18 L65 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Investments in Pharmaceuticals Before and After TRIPS (2011)
Working Paper: Investments in Pharmaceuticals Before and After TRIPS (2009)
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