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Climatic Fluctuations and the Diffusion of Agriculture

Quamrul Ashraf () and Stelios Michalopoulos ()

The Review of Economics and Statistics, 2015, vol. 97, issue 3, 589-609

Abstract: This research examines the climatic origins of the diffusion of Neolithic agriculture across countries and archaeological sites. The theory suggests that a foraging society's history of climatic shocks shaped the timing of its adoption of farming. Specifically, as long as climatic disturbances did not lead to a collapse of the underlying resource base, the rate at which hunter-gatherers were climatically propelled to experiment with their habitats determined the accumulation of tacit knowledge complementary to farming. Consistent with the proposed hypothesis, the empirical investigation demonstrates that, conditional on biogeographic endowments, climatic volatility has a hump-shaped effect on the timing of the adoption of agriculture.

Keywords: climate; agriculture (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q10 Q13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015
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Working Paper: Climatic Fluctuations and the Diffusion of Agriculture (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Climatic Fluctuations and the Di¤usion of Agriculture (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Climatic Fluctuations and the Diffusion of Agriculture (2013) Downloads
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The Review of Economics and Statistics is currently edited by Amitabh Chandra, Olivier Coibion, Bryan S. Graham, Shachar Kariv, Amit K. Khandelwal, Asim Ijaz Khwaja, Brigitte C. Madrian and Rohini Pande

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