The Political Consequences of Income Shocks: Explaining the Consolidation of Democracy in France
Raphael Franck ()
The Review of Economics and Statistics, 2016, vol. 98, issue 1, 57-82
This study analyzes the circumstances that enabled France to become in the late nineteenth century the first stable parliamentary democracy with universal (male) suffrage in Europe. It establishes a causal relationship between short-term variations in local income and the electoral support for the coalition of republican parties that represented the newly established regime. The results suggest the republican coalition won the parliamentary elections because most French regions did not suffer from transitory negative income shocks stemming from heavy precipitations. They thus raise questions about the rationality of voters and, ultimately, the actual causes of the consolidation of democracy in France.
Keywords: Democracy; Economic Growth; Voting (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 N13 O11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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