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Government-Technology-University Model and Its Effect on Home Business

Nesa Rezaee (), Hamed Alipour Hafezi () and Azin Rahmati ()
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Nesa Rezaee: Expert, Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology (IranDoc)
Hamed Alipour Hafezi: Master of Knowledge and Information Science, IT expert, Allameh Tabatabaei University
Azin Rahmati: Master of economics, Science, Expert, Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology

International Journal of Resistive Economics, 2016, vol. 4, issue 2, 89-100

Abstract: Today, the systematic interaction between science, technology, and economic systems is clearly evident, and since development of scientific technology and investment in science is goal-, economy-, and technology-oriented, scientists do not consider specific borders between new technologies and sciences. Governments acknowledge the importance of higher education institutes as strategic actors in the scene of national and regional development, and thus they allocate special credits to specific outputs of scientific and technological collaborations. Hence, the government-university-technology relationship and its effect on entrepreneurship and creation of home businesses in Iran call for research and investigation. The research objective was to discover the effects three leverages, namely government, technology, and university, on each other and on creation and identification of entrepreneurship opportunities especially for home businesses. Research results suggest that these three axes lead to innovation, which results in entrepreneurship opportunities. The aforementioned opportunities may also lead to formation of home businesses (businesses operating from home). In this paper, the third mission of universities in addition to education and research, which is economic development, is discussed with regard to and home business and entrepreneurship as a means of adapting to Iran’s national needs. The relationship between university and technology, which is targeted at business development, forms part of Iran’s inclusive long-term scientific and technological policy. The present research was a desktop study, which was carried out using the field research method based on desktop investigations.roductivity, is a key development index of that society. It has been found from studies that worker productivity is affected by air pollution, even at lower concentration of threshold values. By considering pollution prevention 1990 act, and meeting it, not only the pollution will be decreased, but also, it will assist to keep natural resources as a sustainable capital and so, maintaining of health ecosystem (health society is a part of health ecosystem). As some companies by attention to the air pollution considerations in design and material substitution could achieve much benefits.

Keywords: triple helix model; university and industry; entrepreneurship; home business. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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