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International Knowledge Transfer from University to Industry: A Systematic Literature Review

Madhav Govind and Merle Küttim
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Madhav Govind: Jawaharlal Nehru University
Merle Küttim: Department of Business Administration, Tallinn University of Technology

Research in Economics and Business: Central and Eastern Europe, 2016, vol. 8, issue 2

Abstract: International knowledge transfer contributes to the competitiveness of enterprises and regions, to the ranking of universities, and to solving common global problems. Based on a systematic literature review, the main purpose of the current study is to explore the channels, motivations, activities and outcomes, and inuencing factors of university to industry international knowledge transfer (U-I IKT), and understand how the concept is related to the internationalisation of R&D, innovation systems and higher education. The paper contributes to the existing body of knowledge by creating an integrated framework for understanding U-I IKT. It proposes that U-I IKT can be conceptualised on the basis of two dimensions – on the one hand, as an activity that has distinct channels, motivations, activities and outcomes, and inuencing factors. On the other hand, U-I IKT can be seen as a stream of research on its own right, albeit overlapping with other areas of the internationalisation of knowledge transfer, namely the internationalisation of innovation systems, firm R&D activities and higher education institutions.

Date: 2016
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