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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RENEWABLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION, TRADE OPENNESS AND ECONOMIC GROWTH: THE CASE OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

Yilmaz Onur Ari ()
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Yilmaz Onur Ari: Bayburt University, Turkey

Economic Review: Journal of Economics and Business, 2020, vol. 18, issue 1, 49-59

Abstract: The paper examines the renewable energy consumption-trade openness-economic growth nexus for Bosnia and Herzegovina using annual time series data covering the period of 1994-2015. The variables in the analysis were checked using Augmented Dickey Fuller test statistics. The results obtained indicated that economic growth became stationary at l evel while renewable energy consumption and trade openness variables became stationary at first difference. According to Todo Yamamoto Causality Test results, there is a unidirectional causality from renewable energy consumption to economic growth at 5 % in the long run. This finding is in line with the growth theory which remarks unidirectional/one -way causality from renewable energy consumption to economic growth. In this case, renewable energy dependent conservation policy may have prohibitive effect on economic growth. The study also concluded that there is no association between trade openness and economic growth. Thus, the finding supports the neoclassical growth theory. Besides, there is a causality from renewable energy consumption to trade openness, so the conservation policies will affect the trade and trade liberalization policies designed to promote economic growth.

Keywords: enewable energy consumption; trade openness; economic growth; time series analysis; Bosnian economy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F10 F18 O44 Q20 Q43 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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