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Effects of the Minimum Wage on Child Health

George L. Wehby, Robert Kaestner, Wei Lyu and Dhaval M. Dave

American Journal of Health Economics, 2022, vol. 8, issue 3, 412 - 448

Abstract: Effects of the minimum wage on labor market outcomes have been extensively debated and analyzed. Less studied, however, are other consequences of the minimum wage that stem from changes in a household’s income and labor supply. We examine effects of the minimum wage on child health. To obtain estimates, we use data from the National Survey of Children’s Health and a difference-in-differences design. We find that an increase in the minimum wage throughout childhood is associated with improvement in child health. Much of the benefit of a higher minimum wage is associated with the period between birth and age 5.

Date: 2022
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