Economics at your fingertips  

The Effect of Own-Gender Jurors on Conviction Rates

Mark Hoekstra () and Brittany Street ()

Journal of Law and Economics, 2021, vol. 64, issue 3, 513 - 537

Abstract: Despite concerns about gender bias in general and jurors’ gender in particular, little is known about the effect of jurors’ gender on conviction rates. We identify the effect of own-gender jurors by exploiting random variation in the assignment to and ordering of jury pools in two large Florida counties. Results indicate that own-gender jurors are significantly less likely to convict on drug charges, though we find no evidence of effects for other charges. Estimates indicate that adding one own-gender juror (∼1.6 standard deviations) results in a 30-percentage-point reduction in conviction rates on drug charges, which is highly significant even after adjusting for multiple comparisons. These findings highlight how drawing an opposite-gender jury can impose significant costs on defendants and demonstrate that own-gender bias can occur even in settings where the importance of being impartial is actively pressed on participants.

Date: 2021
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link) (application/pdf) (text/html)
Access to the online full text or PDF requires a subscription.

Related works:
Working Paper: The Effect of Own-Gender Juries on Conviction Rates (2018) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this article

More articles in Journal of Law and Economics from University of Chicago Press
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Journals Division ().

Page updated 2022-12-22
Handle: RePEc:ucp:jlawec:doi:10.1086/714149