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Estimating the effects of teen motherhood in Chile: a family fixed effects approach

Matias Berthelon, Diana I. Kruger and Juan Eberhard ()

Estudios de Economia, 2017, vol. 44, issue 1 Year 2017, 5-32

Abstract: We study the effect of adolescent motherhood on education and labor outcomes among 20-24 year old women in Chile. We identify causal effects of motherhood with family fixed effects using a large data set covering the 1990-2011 period. Teen motherhood has negative effects on education and labor outcomes, and timing of motherhood matters: teen births reduce education outcomes, while young motherhood reduces labor force participation. Labor outcome effects are present among the non-poor, and effects changed between 1990 and 2011. Results highlight the important role of adolescent motherhood in women’s human capital accumulation and income inequality.

Keywords: Adolescent motherhood; education; labor market; teen pregnancy; Chile (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I15 J13 I25 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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