MICROFINANCE IN EUROPE: A SURVEY OF EMN-MFC MEMBERS. REPORT 2014/2015
Fabrizio Botti (),
Diego Luigi Dagradi and
Luca Maria Torre
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Diego Luigi Dagradi: European Microfinance Network aisbl, Brusselles, Belgium
Luca Maria Torre: European Microfinance Network aisbl, Brusselles, Belgium
Journal of Financial and Monetary Economics, 2017, vol. 4, issue 1, 258-260
The 2014-15 EMN-MFC Survey involved a broad range of actors from 22 countries (14 EU Member States). Different regional development paths persist for MFIs in Western and Eastern Europe but also show signs of potential convergence. Microloan providers use a variety of institutional models to operate in heterogeneous legal and regulatory frameworks: survey participants are primarily non-bank financial institutions (60%) and NGOs (31%) but also include other legal forms (i.e. commercial banks, cooperatives/credit unions, government body). The European microcredit sector, as depicted by the 149 surveyed MFIs, is diverse, relatively young and dynamic. The majority of respondents (77%) initiated their microlending activities after 1995. Approximately half of the sample started lending activities between 1995-2004. The vast majority of responding MFIs selected financial inclusion (72%) and job creation (70%) as their primary missions, followed by microenterprise promotion (60%) and social inclusion and poverty reduction (59%). A smaller share of respondents‘ mission statements (20%) emphasize ethnic minorities and/or immigrant empowerment as well as youth employment (18-25 year) goals. More than half of the surveyed MFIs are specialised in microlending activities, which contribute to more than 75% of their overall turnover. The total number of paid staff reached 7,076 full-time equivalent employees in 2015, with a substantial share of women staff (56%) and a significant presence of MFIs with less than 10 employees (42%).
Keywords: Microfinance; social and financial exclusion (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D53 G21 G23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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