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Assesing efficiency of targeting in social services in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Delalić Adela (), Abdić Ademir (), Halilbašić Muamer () and Šćeta Lamija ()
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Delalić Adela: School of Economic and Business, University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Abdić Ademir: School of Economic and Business, University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Halilbašić Muamer: School of Economic and Business, University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Šćeta Lamija: School of Economic and Business, University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Croatian Review of Economic, Business and Social Statistics, 2020, vol. 6, issue 1, 56-74

Abstract: This paper analyses the inefficiency of social services targeting in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FB&H). Using official statistics microdata of the Household Budget Survey 2015, three models of social minimum in FB&H were constructed: extreme and general poverty, and the model with multidimensional poverty aspects. The analysis of features of poor household categories showed that the most vulnerable residents of FB&H are not beneficiaries of permanent financial assistance. The reason for such an inefficient targeting was recognized in the Federal Law on Principles of Social Care, Care for the War-Disabled Civilians and Care for Families with Children that stipulates that only persons and families that (cumulatively): are incapable for work, have insufficient income, and there are no family members who are legally obligated to support them. The results indicated a high inconsistency in the legal criteria for qualification, and also in the amounts of permanent social assistance among cantons. The Proxy Means Test (PMT) Model is offered as one of the possible solutions for the improvement of social services targeting in FB&H. Given the importance of efficiency of targeting in social services, the research results could be useful, for both, vulnerable segments of the society and federal and cantonal ministries of labour and social affairs, in the process of targeting the households qualified for social support programmes.

Keywords: official statistics; Permanent financial assistance; Proxy Means Testing; social services; targeting (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C21 I31 I38 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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