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The Mutual Reciprocity of Education, Non-Formal Cultural Education and Social Capital

Igaune Edīte (), Liepa-Balode Ilze () and Hermane Agnese ()
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Igaune Edīte: University College of Economics and Culture, Latvia
Hermane Agnese: Latvian Academy of Culture, Latvia

Economics and Culture, 2016, vol. 13, issue 2, 35-43

Abstract: Human knowledge and creative potential has become one of the most important driving forces of humanity progress. In the context of the twenty-first century, in order to create a high-quality culture environment, it requires a paradigm shift in education - the transition to education, which stimulates the imagination, intuition, emotions and creative ideas and develops critical thinking. Non-formal education and the skills and knowledge gained in it is still in evaluation and recognition phase in Latvia. It is still developing; therefore, it is important to create a clear understanding of the importance and social role of non-formal cultural education. The paper aims to explore the role of non-formal cultural education in strengthening social capital as well as to identify what social capital indicators can be attributed to non-formal cultural education programmes. The topicality of the study is determined by the fact that non-formal cultural education and social capital in the context of Latvia are little explored areas, as well as there is lack of research on mutual reciprocity. The study uses qualitative research methodology. Research analyses non-formal cultural education programmes of 10 subordinated institutions of Latvian Ministry of Culture (museums, theatres, concert institutions and opera) and on the basis of 19 in-depth and semi-structured interviews. Study contains new, theoretically based evaluation model of social capital and characterizes of indicators in the context of non-formal education. The study confirms that there is a mutual reciprocity between social capital and non-formal cultural education programmes, and these programmes have a positive and supportive role in strengthening both the individual and collective social capital.

Keywords: education; non-formal cultural education; social capital (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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DOI: 10.1515/jec-2016-0018

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