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Identifying the Main Determinants of Part-Time Employment in EU Countries

Miežienė Rasa (), Krutulienė Sandra () and Gruževskis Boguslavas ()
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Gruževskis Boguslavas: Lithuanian Centre for Social Sciences, Institute of Sociology, Department of Labour Market Research, Vilnius, Lithuania.

Review of Economic Perspectives, 2021, vol. 21, issue 2, 151-171

Abstract: The article analyses the prevalence of part-time employment in different EU countries with a focus on the factors affecting the rate of part-time employment across the EU. Based on the literature review, a distinction is made between three groups of factors that are relevant for the rate of part-time employment, in particular, cyclical factors, political and institutional factors, and structural factors. The article analyses how these factors influence part-time employment rates in EU countries. The linear regression analysis based on EU-28 macroeconomic data for the period of 2007-2018 has shown that all three groups of determinants (i.e. cyclical, political and institutional as well as structural factors) affect the rate of part-time employment in the EU-28. Part-time employment is a complex phenomenon which depends on a number of factors. However, the regression analysis has found that the following political and institutional as well as structural independent variables are also significant predictors of part-time employment rates in EU Member States (EU-28): average annual wages, the tax rate on low wage earners, expenditures on children and family benefits as a percentage of gross domestic product, trade union density, and the activity rate of people aged 15-24 and 55-64. Cyclical factors (the unemployment rate in Model (1) and real GDP per capita in Model (2)) have also been found to have a significant effect on part-time employment in EU-28 countries.

Keywords: part-time employment; part-time work; cyclical factors; political and institutional factors; structural factors (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J22 J81 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.2478/revecp-2021-0007

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