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The Roles of Openness and Labor Market Institutions for Employment Dynamics during Economic Crises

Elisa Gamberoni, Erik von Uexkull and Sebastian Weber ()

World Bank - Economic Premise, 2010, issue 29, 1-5

Abstract: Employment effects of the recent global economic crisis have differed significantly across countries. An active public debate currently focuses on external shocks and the role of labor market policies as a driver of those differences. In this note, we analyze the roles of integration into the global economy and different labor market institutions during different phases of past global economic downturns and domestic banking and debt crises. We find that domestic debt and banking crises were much more severe in their impact on employment than were global economic downturns. On average, the reduction in employment growth was more than twice as strong. We also find that openness to trade has both deepened the contractionary effects on employment and allowed for a faster recovery. High severance pay dampened the employment effect in both domestic crises and global economic downturns, whereas very high unemployment benefits were associated with stronger reductions in employment growth.

Keywords: openness; labor; labor market; employment; crisis; integration; debt; banking; unemployment; recovery; severance pay (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J3 J2 J21 F4 F42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010
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Working Paper: The role of openness and labour market institutions for employment dynamics during economic crises (2010) Downloads
Working Paper: The Roles of Openness and Labor Market Institutions for Employment Dynamics during Economic Crises (2010) Downloads
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