Economics at your fingertips  

Unemployment, labor force composition and sickness absence: a panel data study

Jan Erik Askildsen, Espen Bratberg () and Øivind Nilsen ()

Health Economics, 2005, vol. 14, issue 11, 1087-1101

Abstract: Sickness absence tends to be negatively correlated with unemployment rates. In addition to pure health effects, this may be due to moral hazard behavior by workers who are fully insured against income loss during sickness and to physicians who meet demand for medical certificates. Alternatively, it may reflect changes in the composition of the labor force, with more sickness‐prone workers entering the labor force in upturns. A panel of Norwegian register data is used to analyze long‐term sickness absences. The unemployment rate is shown to be negatively associated with the probability of absence, and with the number of days of sick leave. Restricting the sample to workers who are present in the whole sample period, the negative relationship between absence and unemployment becomes clearer. This indicates that procyclical variations in sickness absence are caused by established workers and not by the composition of the labor force. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Date: 2005
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (72) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)

Related works:
Working Paper: Unemployment, labour force composition and sickness absence. A panel data study (2002) Downloads
Working Paper: Unemployment, Labour Force Composition and Sickness Absence: A Panel Data Study (2002) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this article

Health Economics is currently edited by Alan Maynard, John Hutton and Andrew Jones

More articles in Health Economics from John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Wiley Content Delivery ().

Page updated 2020-08-08
Handle: RePEc:wly:hlthec:v:14:y:2005:i:11:p:1087-1101