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If not now, when? The timing of childbirth and labor market outcomes

Matteo Picchio (), Claudia Pigini, Stefano Staffolani () and Alina Verashchagina

Journal of Applied Econometrics, 2021, vol. 36, issue 6, 663-685

Abstract: We study the effect of childbirth and birth timing on female labor market outcomes in Italy. The impact is traced up to 21 years since school completion by estimating a factor analytic model with dynamic selection into treatments. We find that childbirth, especially the first delivery, negatively affects female earnings and participation. Women having their first child soon after school exit catch up with childless women after 12–15 years. The negative consequences are smaller if the first child is delayed up to 7–9 years after school completion or if a second childbirth occurs within 6 years since school exit.

Date: 2021
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https://doi.org/10.1002/jae.2838

Related works:
Working Paper: If not now, when? The timing of childbirth and labour market outcomes (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: If Not Now, When? The Timing of Childbirth and Labour Market Outcomes (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: If not now, when? The timing of childbirth and labour market outcomes (2018) Downloads
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