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Futures market hedging efficiency in a new futures exchange: Effects of trade partner diversification

Atle Oglend and Hans‐Martin Straume

Journal of Futures Markets, 2020, vol. 40, issue 4, 617-631

Abstract: This paper uses transaction data to examine hedging efficiency in a new futures exchange; the Fish Pool salmon futures exchange in Norway. The paper utilizes data on firm‐level exporter/importer transaction prices to quantify firm‐level futures hedging efficiency. This allows us to address heterogeneity in hedging efficiency and basis risk at the firm level. The main result of this paper shows that larger firms with greater trade partner diversification have lower basis risk. Such firms align their internal transaction price closer to the common spot price in the market, which encourages greater futures market participation. Results are discussed in light of recent declines in participation in the salmon futures exchange.

Date: 2020
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