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CHANCE NON-CONTROL AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP

Bostjan Antoncic, Jasna Auer Antoncic, Matjaz Gantar, Zhaoyang Li and Marja-Liisa Kakkonen
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Jasna Auer Antoncic: University of Primorska, Faculty of Management, Koper, Slovenia
Matjaz Gantar: KD Group d.d., Ljubljana, Slovenia
Zhaoyang Li: Shanghai University of International Business and Economics, Shanghai, China
Marja-Liisa Kakkonen: Mikkeli University of Applied Sciences, Mikkeli, Finland

Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship (JDE), 2015, vol. 20, issue 03, 1-13

Abstract: The personality of entrepreneurs can have a large influence on entrepreneurial startups. The general locus of control, which is an element of the personality of entrepreneurs, is considered to be critical for the creation of entrepreneurial startups. Despite the generally acknowledged importance of one’s locus of control for entrepreneurial intentions and new firm startups, a research gap exists because less emphasis has been given to external locus of control, in particular chance control. Chance non-control can be defined as a person’s disbelief in chance- or luck-based outcomes. In this study, a country-moderated hypothesis about the relationship between a person’s chance non-control and his or her entrepreneurship (activities or intentions) was developed and empirically tested by using data collected through a structured questionnaire from 645 students in three countries (China, Finland and Slovenia). Regression analysis was used to test the hypothesis. Based on the findings, which are partially in support of the moderated hypothesis, recommendations for research and practice are proposed. The key contribution of the study is the explanation of the role of chance non-control in entrepreneurship and the notion the relationship between chance non-control and entrepreneurship tends to be moderated depending on uncertainty avoidance.

Keywords: Chance non-control; startup; entrepreneurship; uncertainty avoidance; moderation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015
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