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FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS MATTER: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE ON BORROWING BEHAVIOR, MICROFINANCE AND FIRM PRODUCTIVITY

Martijn Boermans and Daan Willebrands
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Daan Willebrands: De Lage Landen, Vestdijk 51, 5611 CA Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship (JDE), 2018, vol. 23, issue 02, 1-24

Abstract: This paper examines the effect of financial constraints on firm performance using a sample of small business owners who are clients at a microfinance institution (MFI). In developing countries, a lack of access to finance is seen as a key obstacle to successful entrepreneurship and economic growth. However, empirical evidence on this is still fragmented and sparse. This study contributes to the literature by applying an alternative measure of financial constraints based on actual lending and borrowing behavior to test how borrowing affects firm productivity. We use survey data of 615 entrepreneurs from Tanzania to analyze the relationship between financial constraints and labor productivity. Using OLS regression and propensity score matching techniques the results show that financial constraints impede labor productivity and are important barriers to successful entrepreneurship. Further tests suggest financial constraints matter regardless of the measurement method used, thereby comforting researchers in a fragmented field that applies a wide range of financial constraints variables.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship; credit constraints; access to finance; firm performance; Africa; Tanzania (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Working Paper: Financial constraints matter: Empirical evidence on borrowing behavior, microfinance and firm productivity (2018) Downloads
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DOI: 10.1142/S1084946718500085

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