Economics at your fingertips  


Sami Bibi () and Rim Chatti
Additional contact information
Sami Bibi: Economic Research Forum, PEP-Network, CIRPEE, Department of Economics, University of Laval, Quebec, Canada
Rim Chatti: Economic Research Forum, PEP-Network IHEC, Tunis, Tunisia

Middle East Development Journal (MEDJ), 2010, vol. 02, issue 02, 283-307

Abstract: The paper investigates the association between gender and poverty in Tunisia based upon an empirical analysis of 1990 and 2000 household surveys. It also tests whether or not there is a widespread feminization of poverty. To achieve these goals, the paper suggests a theoretically sound method to compute expenditure-based incidence of poverty and tests for differences in the headcount ratio between female- and male-headed households for a given period and whether or not this difference is increasing over time. Stochastic dominance tests are also performed to avoid arbitrary choices of poverty lines and indices. The results suggest that although female-headed households are subject to unequal treatment in the labor market, they are not poorer than their male counterparts, as they live with more active persons. However, as we increase the poverty line, the poverty difference between female- and male-headed households rises to the detriment of female-headed households and becomes statistically significant. However, what is more disquieting is that this difference increases over time due to the fall in both the level of and the returns to female labor endowment.

Keywords: Poverty; gender; Oaxaca–Blinder decomposition; Tunisia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from

DOI: 10.1142/S1793812010000265

Access Statistics for this article

Middle East Development Journal (MEDJ) is currently edited by Lyn Squire

More articles in Middle East Development Journal (MEDJ) from World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Tai Tone Lim ().

Page updated 2020-10-20
Handle: RePEc:wsi:medjxx:v:02:y:2010:i:02:n:s1793812010000265