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THE IMPACT OF MIGRATION ON THE LABOR MARKETS IN THE ARAB MEDITERRANEAN COUNTRIES

Francesca Marchetta

Middle East Development Journal (MEDJ), 2012, vol. 04, issue 01, 1-47

Abstract: We provide an extensive theoretical overview of the rich array of effects that migration out of Arab Mediterranean Countries can produce on their labor markets and a review of the existing empirical evidence. Migration is found to reduce unemployment, but it exerts little to no effect on participation rates, because of the cultural resistance to a more active female engagement, and because of the positive income effect brought about by remittances. Furthermore, the brain drain is found to be a serious concern for some Arab Mediterranean Countries (AMCs), while other countries stand to benefit from skilled migration. While relevant knowledge gaps remain, the value-added of this paper is represented by the layout of a broad analytical framework to systematize the findings for future research.

Keywords: Migration; labor market; Arab Mediterranean Countries; literature review (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012
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Working Paper: The Impact Of Migration On The Labor Markets In The Arab Mediterranean Countries (2012)
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DOI: 10.1142/S1793812012300017

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