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THE ENERGY–POLLUTION–HEALTH NEXUS: A PANEL DATA ANALYSIS OF LOW- AND MIDDLE-INCOME ASIAN COUNTRIES

Farhad Taghizadeh-Hesary (), Ehsan Rasoulinezhad, Naoyuki Yoshino (), Youngho Chang (), Farzad Taghizadeh-Hesary and Peter Morgan
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Ehsan Rasoulinezhad: Faculty of World Studies, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Farzad Taghizadeh-Hesary: Department of Radiation Oncology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

The Singapore Economic Review (SER), 2021, vol. 66, issue 02, 435-455

Abstract: Increased consumption of nonrenewable energy sources may lead to more air pollution, resulting in negative health impacts in a society. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between fossil fuel energy consumption and health issues using generalized method of moments estimation technique for data from 18 Asian countries (both low- and middle-income) over the period 1991–2018. The findings demonstrate that fossil fuel energy consumption increases the risk of lung and respiratory diseases. In addition, the results demonstrate the significant effect of CO2 emissions and fossil fuel consumption on undernourishment and death rates. Furthermore, we find that increases in the gross domestic product per capita and healthcare expenditure may help reduce undernourishment and death ratio. The conclusion recommends that diversification of energy in low- and middle-income countries from too much reliance on fossil fuels to more renewable energy sources can improve energy insecurity, at the same time reduce greenhouse gas emissions and minimize the negative impacts on human health.

Keywords: Energy consumption; health issues; energy insecurity; low- and middle-income Asian countries; nexus study (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1142/S0217590820430043

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