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SOCIAL WELFARE, PHANTOM VOTERS, AND INTERNAL MIGRATION IN TAIWAN — EVIDENCE FROM PANEL SPATIAL ANALYSIS

Jr-Tsung Huang () and Ming-Lei Chang
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Ming-Lei Chang: Department of Accounting, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taoyuan 32023, Taiwan, ROC

The Singapore Economic Review (SER), 2021, vol. 66, issue 03, 701-720

Abstract: This paper aims to investigate the following two issues related to internal migration in Taiwan: one is the widely discussed issue of the existence of magnetic effects induced by welfare benefits and the other is a rarely discussed issue of the existence of phantom voters. Using panel data for 23 counties and cities from 1995 to 2010 and estimating three fixed-effects spatial Durbin models, the primary findings of this study are that, by keeping other factors constant and considering the spatial dependence of migration, welfare migration is found to exist, particularly for females, and the number of phantom voters in an election year can significantly affect internal migration in Taiwan.

Keywords: Internal migration; phantom voters; spatial Durbin model; welfare migration; Taiwan (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1142/S0217590818500121

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