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CULTURE AND SAVINGS: WHY DO ASIANS SAVE MORE?

Dezhu Ye (), Shuang Pan (), Yujun Lian and Yew-Kwang Ng ()
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Dezhu Ye: Department of Finance, Research Institute of Finance, Jinan University, Guangzhou, P. R. China
Shuang Pan: Department of Finance, Jinan University, Guangzhou, P. R. China
Yujun Lian: Department of Finance, Lingnan College, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, P. R. China
Yew-Kwang Ng: School of Economics, Fudan University, P. R. China

The Singapore Economic Review (SER), 2021, vol. 66, issue 03, 621-651

Abstract: It is a basic consensus that culture affects savings, but the empirical evidence is inadequate. This paper investigates the relationship between culture and savings by using the Hofstede cultural indices, and macro data across 48 countries over the period 1990–2013. The results show that country-fixed effects are highly significant, even if traditional variables are controlled for. We discover that culture can explain much of these individual effects and thus is very important in explaining differences in savings across countries. We use the method of Relative Importance Analysis (RIA) to measure the relative importance of the various cultural dimensions in affecting saving rates. We find that culture-related variables are among the most important saving determinants, along with other variables more commonly used in the economics literature, such as economic growth, social security, and demographics.

Keywords: Culture; saving rates; Hofstede cultural indices; long-term orientation; relative importance analysis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1142/S0217590819500607

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