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The impacts of institutional quality and infrastructure on overall and intra-Africa trade

Jiang Yushi and Dinkneh Gebre Borojo

Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal (2007-2020), 2019, vol. 13, No 2019-10, 34 pages

Abstract: The authors examine the impacts of quality of institutions, border and transport efficiency, physical and communication infrastructure on overall and intra-Africa trade covering 44 African countries and their 173 trade partners for the periods 2000-2014. Aggregate indicators are derived for the quality of economic institutions, border and transport efficiency, physical and communication infrastructure using principal component analysis. The findings disclose that intra-Africa and overall Africa's trade robustly determined by the quality of institutions, border and transport efficiency, physical and communication infrastructure. The estimates also indicate that the marginal effect of the quality of institutions, physical and communication infrastructure on trade flow appears to be increasing in GDP per capita. In contrast, the marginal effect of border and transport efficiency on trade decreases in GDP per capita. The authors compute simulation of improving each indicator to the best performer in the sample. Their findings are robust to estimation method conducted to account for potential endogeneity.

Keywords: trade flow; transport and border efficiency; quality of institutions; physical and communication infrastructure; gravity model; African countries (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F1 F14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5018/economics-ejournal.ja.2019-10
https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/191533/1/1047287692.pdf (application/pdf)

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