Development Of A Cellulose Acetate Hollow-Fine-Fibre Membrane
Akram Tawari (),
Sm Bradshaw and
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Akram Tawari: Department of Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
Bashir Brika: Department of Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
Sm Bradshaw: Department of Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
Ep Jacobs: Department of Chemistry and Polymer Science, Faculty of Science, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa
Acta Chemica Malaysia (ACMY), 2018, vol. 2, issue 2, 29-44
The goal of this study is to produce cellulose acetate (CA) hollow-fine-fibre membranes with good water flux performance in the 95 – 96% salt retention range for brackish water desalination. A dry-wet spinning technique was used for the preparation of the hollow-fine-fibre membranes. Hollow-fine fibres were spun using CA dissolved in a suitable solvent and non-solvent mixture comprising acetone and formamide. The effects of the dope composition and spinning parameters such as solvent to non-solvent ratio, bore fluid ratio, take-up speed, dope extrusion rate and heat treatment on the membrane morphology and performance were investigated. The elimination of macrovoids from the morphology of hollow-fine-fibre membranes was achieved in two ways. Firstly, increasing the formamide ratio in the polymer solution and secondly, decreasing the water activity in the bore fluid by adding a solvent (acetone) to water. The mechanical strength of the fibres increased with increasing take-up speeds. This could be attributed to the higher orientation caused by higher take-up speeds. CA hollow-fine-fibre membrane showed good salt retention at an annealing temperature of 86 °C and annealing period of two subsequent times. The developed hollow-fine-fibre membranes showed a good brackish water desalination performance within brackish water operating conditions.
Keywords: effluent treatment; bio-sorbents; heavy metals; Industrial wastewater (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zib:zbacmy:v:2:y:2018:i:2:p:29-44
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