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Dikshya Mahat () and Lenin Shumsher Kunwar
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Dikshya Mahat: Faculty of Agriculture, Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal
Lenin Shumsher Kunwar: Faculty of Agriculture, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Lamjung Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

Malaysian E Commerce Journal (MECJ), 2021, vol. 5, issue 2, 45-50

Abstract: With globalization, world trade has been growing at a rapid pace. In most developing countries like Nepal, the problem of trade deficit has always been a part of the concern. The objective of this paper is to articulate the historical trend of the trade deficit in Nepal, the major imports and exports, the causes of the trade deficit, and some recommendations to solve the trade deficit. Nepal expanded its trade relationship after becoming a member of WTO on 23rd April 2004. Nepal mainly exports readymade garments, pashmina products, leather products, pulses, handicrafts, spices, medicinal herbs. The main imports are cereals, vehicles, pharmaceuticals, Mineral fuels, oils, iron & steel, plastics, gems, machinery. Major trading partners of Nepal are India, China, the USA, UAE, Canada, Indonesia, Argentina, France, Malaysia, and Ukraine. In the fiscal year 2019/20, imports decreased by 15.63%, and export increased by 0.62%. As a result, the total trade deficit decreased by 16.83%. Landlockedness, higher production cost, political instability, devaluation of currency are the factors impeding Nepal from coming out from the labyrinth of trade deficit. Fortification of the agricultural sector, focus on hydropower, improvement of infrastructures, modified trade policy, prioritization on export potential goods can solve the trade deficit. The country should strive towards specialization, strengthening the rural economy, gaining economies of scale, exploiting entrepreneurial and management skills of the labor force.

Keywords: Causes; exports; history; imports; Nepal; Trade deficit. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.26480/mecj.02.2021.45.50

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