Economics at your fingertips  

where do you come from and where do you go? Assessing skills gaps and labour market outcomes of young adults with different immigration backgrounds

Tom van Veen (), Alison Cathles, Setrana Mary (), Dongshu Ou () and Simone Sasso ()
Additional contact information
Tom van Veen: Maastriucht University
Setrana Mary: University of Ghana
Simone Sasso: Maastricht University

Chapter 17 in Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación, 2018, vol. 13, pp 343-370 from Asociación de Economía de la Educación

Abstract: Economic and social integration of migrants and their children is an issue that has gained traction in European policy agendas because of the alleged positive relation between successful integration and labour market performance of migrants. We use differences in skills development between natives and migrants as a proxy for integration. To understand the extent to which the development of cognitive skills of young people with immigrant backgrounds can be explained by the foreign origin of their parents we apply an empirical framework to explain numeracy and literacy skills of migrants for two different cohorts, using PISA and PIAAC data from twelve OECD countries. The framework includes demographic, family background, and school quality variables. We utilize the Oaxaca decomposition to explore how the contributions of family and school factors evolve over time to explain the literacy and numeracy gap among first-generation immigrants, second-generation immigrants and natives. Our results first show some convergence of the skills gap between the second generation immigrants and the natives over time. Second, the gap in literacy skills among the first-generation and natives and among first-generation and second-generation immigrants has increased over time. Our decomposition results show that demographics (gender and language) and family background contribute to the achievement gaps between different groups. We also find that school input variables, such as school autonomy and school accountability factors do contribute skills gaps of young adults with different immigrant backgrounds, in particular to numeracy gaps. Finally, we use the PIAAC dataset to analyze the occupation in Science, Technology, Engineering, or Math (STEM) fields for different nativity groups. Whether or not a young person comes from an immigrant background does not appear to affect the chances of studying in a STEM field or working in a STEM sector.

Keywords: skills gap; skills development; school quality (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I24 I25 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
ISBN: 978-84-949813-2-6
References: Add references at CitEc

Downloads: (external link) (application/pdf)
Our link check indicates that this URL is bad, the error code is: 500 Can't connect to (No such host is known. )

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this chapter

More chapters in Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 13 from Asociación de Economía de la Educación Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Domingo P. Ximénez-de-Embún ().

Page updated 2024-06-15
Handle: RePEc:aec:ieed13:13-17