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Assessing International Efficiency

Jonathan Heathcote () and Fabrizio Perri ()

Chapter Chapter 9 in Handbook of International Economics, 2014, vol. 4, pp 523-584 from Elsevier

Abstract: This chapter is structured in three parts. The first part outlines the methodological steps, involving both theoretical and empirical work, for assessing whether an observed allocation of resources across countries is efficient. The second part applies the methodology to the long-run allocation of capital and consumption in a large cross section of countries. We find that countries that grow faster in the long run also tend to save more both domestically and internationally. These facts suggest that either the long-run allocation of resources across countries is inefficient, or that there is a systematic relation between fast growth and preference for delayed consumption. The third part applies the methodology to the allocation of resources across developed countries at the business cycle frequency. Here we discuss how evidence on international quantity comovement, exchange rates, asset prices, and international portfolio holdings can be used to assess efficiency. Overall, quantities and portfolios appear consistent with efficiency, while evidence from prices is difficult to interpret using standard models. The welfare costs associated with an inefficient allocation of resources over the business cycle can be significant if shocks to relative country permanent income are large. In those cases partial financial liberalization can lower welfare.

Keywords: International risk sharing; Long-run risk; Long-run growth; International business cycles; Real exchange rate (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F21 F32 F36 F41 F43 F44 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
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Related works:
Working Paper: Assessing International Efficiency (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Assessing international efficiency (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Assessing International Efficiency (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Assessing International Efficiency (2013) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:intchp:4-523

DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-444-54314-1.00009-4

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