Japanization: is it spreading to the rest of the world?
Takatoshi Ito ()
Chapter 2 in Economic Stagnation in Japan, 2018, pp 17-55 from Edward Elgar Publishing
Japanization is defined as a combination of (1) a lower actual than potential growth rate for an extended period; (2) a natural real interest rate below zero; (3) a nominal (policy) interest rate at zero; and (4) deflation (a negative inflation rate). A proposed Japanization index measures these conditions. Japan entered this state through (1) its 1990s overkill of the bubble; (2) a nonperforming loans problem resulting in a major banking crisis; (3) failure in engineering a soft landing of the banking crisis; (4) failure to adopt quantitative easing early and decisively to get out of deflation; (5) failure to adopt an inflation targeting regime; and (6) failure to adopt a large fiscal stimulus. Ongoing success of Abenomics in lifting the economy out of deflation shows it is possible to prevent or cure Japanization.
Keywords: Asian Studies; Development Studies; Economics and Finance (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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