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A Bayesian Model for Activation and Connectivity in Task-related fMRI Data

Zhe Yu, Raquel Prado, Steve C. Cramer, Erin B. Quinlan and Hernando Ombao

A chapter in Topics in Identification, Limited Dependent Variables, Partial Observability, Experimentation, and Flexible Modeling: Part A, 2019, vol. 40A, pp 91-132 from Emerald Publishing Ltd

Abstract: Abstract We develop a Bayesian approach for modeling brain activation and connectivity from functional magnetic resonance image (fMRI) data. Our approach simultaneously estimates local hemodynamic response functions (HRFs) and activation parameters, as well as global effective and functional connectivity parameters. Existing methods assume identical HRFs across brain regions, which may lead to erroneous conclusions in inferring activation and connectivity patterns. Our approach addresses this limitation by estimating region-specific HRFs. Additionally, it enables neuroscientists to compare effective connectivity networks for different experimental conditions. Furthermore, the use of spike and slab priors on the connectivity parameters allows us to directly select significant effective connectivities in a given network.We include a simulation study that demonstrates that, compared to the standard generalized linear model (GLM) approach, our model generally has higher power and lower type I error and bias than the GLM approach, and it also has the ability to capture condition-specific connectivities. We applied our approach to a dataset from a stroke study and found different effective connectivity patterns for task and rest conditions in certain brain regions of interest (ROIs).

Keywords: fMRI; activation; effective connectivity; functional connectivity; hemodynamic response function; deconvolution; Bayesian inference; task-related (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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