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Regulation and the Ownership Structure of European Listed Firms

Marc Steffen Rapp and Oliver Trinchera

A chapter in Global Corporate Governance, 2017, vol. 19, pp 23-76 from Emerald Publishing Ltd

Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we explore an extensive panel data set covering more than 4,000 listed firms in 16 European countries to study the effects of shareholder protection on ownership structure and firm performance. We document a negative firm-level correlation between shareholder protection and ownership concentration. Differentiating between shareholder types, we find that this pattern is mainly driven by strategic investors. In contrast, we find a positive correlation between shareholder protection and block ownership of institutional investors, in particular when we restrict the analysis to independent institutional investors. Finally, we find that independent institutional investors are positively associated with firm valuation as measured by Tobin’s Q. The opposite applies for strategic investors. Overall, our results are consistent with the view that (i) high shareholder protection and (ii) limited ownership by strategic investors make small investors and investors interested in security returns more confident in their investments.

Keywords: Ownership structure; shareholder protection; institutional ownership; Europe; G20; G32; G38 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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