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Regional Development and Airport Productivity in China

Clement Kong Wing Chow, Michael Ka Yiu Fung and Japhet Sebastian Law

A chapter in Airline Efficiency, 2016, vol. 5, pp 283-316 from Emerald Publishing Ltd

Abstract: Abstract This chapter studies the technical efficiencies of Chinese airports by using a meta-frontier production function model which accounts for airports in different regions accessing different technologies. Our empirical results show that the technical efficiency scores of airports and provincial output in the coastal region are higher than their counterparts in the inland region. However, the technical efficiency scores of airports and provincial output in inland region are steadily increasing while the counterparts of airports and provincial output in coastal region are slowly declining. In addition, our analysis of provincial efficiency changes shows that airport productivity has a positive and statistically significant effect on the technical changes of provincial output. Our results partially confirm the success of the government policy of promoting airport construction and development in the western inland region.

Keywords: Meta-frontier; technical efficiency; regional disparity and development; L93; O18; R48 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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