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Prioritizing Human Factors in Emergency Conditions Using AHP Model and FMEA

Fabio De Felice, Domenico Falcone and Antonella Petrillo

A chapter in Applications and Theory of Analytic Hierarchy Process - Decision Making for Strategic Decisions from IntechOpen

Abstract: One of the most critical issues related to safety in industrial plant is to manage accidents that occur in industries. In general, the causes of accidents are twofold: the presence of dangerous equipment and human errors. The aim of this study is to propose a novel approach to ensure safety in emergency conditions in industrial plant considering both of these factors. The proposed idea aims to integrate the human reliability analysis (HRA) and the failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA). The human errors and failure modes are categorized using a multicriteria approach based on analytic hierarchy process (AHP). The final aim is to present a novel methodological approach based on AHP to prioritize actions to carry out in emergency conditions taking into account both qualitative and quantitative factors. A real case study is analyzed. The analysis allowed to identify possible failure modes connected with human error process.

Keywords: AHP; HRA; FMEA; emergency; human errors (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D7 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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DOI: 10.5772/64411

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