Lula’s Social Policies: New Wine in Old Bottles?
Alcino Ferreira Câmara Neto and
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Alcino Ferreira Câmara Neto: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Chapter 6 in Political Economy of Brazil, 2007, pp 73-93 from Palgrave Macmillan
Abstract It has become commonplace in the debates about economic and social policies in Brazil in the Washington Consensus era, that is, during the administrations of Fernando Henrique Cardoso and Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, to emphasize that social indicators (poverty, life expectancy, literacy rates, infant mortality, fertility rates, etc.) have shown marked improvement. However, the main complaint is that inequality levels have remained high, and that social policies are unable to eliminate inequality without being complemented by more efficient use of public money, in particular, better targeting to the poor. The superficial conclusion is that there is something right about social policies from the 1990s onwards, since after the 1988 Constitution there has been a certain amount of social progress (Schwartzman, 2000; Almeida, 2004; Barros and Carvalho, 2004).
Keywords: Interest Rate; Minimum Wage; Social Exclusion; Social Indicator; Cash Transfer (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Lulas Social Policies: New Wine in Old Bottles? (2006)
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